February 14, 2021 - The Sixth Sunday of Ordinary Time
A Journey Through the Catechism
Baptism; Confirmation; Reconciliation
Our Pastor Column series through the
continues with the twelfth, thirteenth, and fourteenth articles: “On Baptism,” “On Confirmation,” and “On the Sacrament of Penance.”
Q: What is Baptism?
A: Baptism is a Sacrament that cleanses us from Original Sin, and Baptism makes us Christians, children of God, and heirs of Heaven.
Q: Are actual sins ever remitted by Baptism?
A: Actual sins and all the punishments due to them are remitted by Baptism, if the person baptized is guilty of any and is rightly disposed.
Q: Is Baptism necessary for salvation?
A: Baptism is necessary for salvation because without it, one cannot enter the Kingdom of Heaven. (
N.B. The Church speaks of three kinds of Baptism: Baptism by water, the ordinary means of Baptism; Baptism by desire; and Baptism by blood. An example of Baptism by desire: a Catechumen not yet baptized by enrolled in RCIA to be baptized and received into the Church at Easter dies before Easter of, say, a sudden stroke; the Church presumes Baptism by desire. An example of Baptism by blood: someone who is not baptized by who nonetheless is martyred because of his or her faith in Jesus Christ; the Church presumes Baptism by blood.)
Q: Who can administer Baptism?
A: The ordained clergy (bishops, priests, deacons) are the ordinary ministers of Baptism. In danger of death, anyone can administer Baptism, provided that the proper Matter and Form are used (Matter is water; Form is the Trinitarian formula)
Q: How is Baptism given?
A: Whoever baptizes pours water (the proper Matter) on the head of the person to be baptized while saying the proper Form, “I baptize you in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.”
Q: What is Confirmation?
A: Confirmation is a Sacrament through which we receive the Holy Spirit to make us strong and perfect Christians and soldiers of Jesus Christ and His Church Militant here on Earth.
Q: Who administers Confirmation?
A: Bishops are the ordinary ministers of Confirmation; in case of need, the bishop may delegate a priest.
Q: How does the bishop administer Confirmation?
A: The bishop extends his hands over those who are to be confirmed, prays “Be sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit,” and anoints the forehead of each
with the Sacred Chrism in the form of a cross.
Q: To receive Confirmation worthily, is it necessary to be in the state of grace?
A: It is necessary to be in the state of grace in order to receive Confirmation worthily.
Q: What is the state of grace?
A: The state of grace is freedom from mortal sin.
Q: What is the Sacrament of Reconciliation?
A: Reconciliation is a Sacrament in which the sins committed after Baptism are forgiven.
Q: What must we do to receive the Sacrament of Reconciliation?
A: TO receive the Sacrament of Reconciliation worthily, we must do five things: examine our conscience; attain to perfect contrition (sorrow for our sins); make a firm resolution never more to offend God; confess our sins to a priest; accept and do the penance assigned by the priest.
~ Fr. Lewis
on Saturday, February 13 at 3:00PM