Fourth Sunday of Easter - April 25, 2021
A Journey Through the Catechism
The Mass; Extreme Unction; Holy Orders
We continue with our Pastor Column series through the
, and we turn now to the twentieth and twenty-first articles: “On the Sacrifice of the Mass” and “On Anointing of the Sick and Holy Orders.”
Q: When are the bread and wine changed into the Body and Blood of Christ?
A: They are changed into the Body and Blood of Christ (
N.B. also known as “the Sacred Species”
) at the Consecration in the Mass.
Q: What is the Mass?
A: The Mass is the unbloody Sacrifice of the Body and Blood of Christ.
Q: Is the Mass the same Sacrifice as that of the Cross?
A: The Mass is the same Sacrifice as that of the Cross. (
The Lord, Who transcends time and spaces, wills for His Church to worship Him in a manner that, likewise, transcends time and space. The raised sanctuary platform represents Golgotha; the altar represents the Cross; the priest and the Eucharist are Jesus Christ, Priest and Victim.
Q: How should we participate in the Mass?
A: We should participate in the Mass with great interior recollection and piety, and with every outward mark of reverence, respect, and devotion.
Q: What is the Sacrament of Extreme Unction? (
N.B. “Extreme Unction” is the old name for the Sacrament now known as the Anointing of the Sick; all Baltimore Catechism references to “Extreme Unction” will be changed to “Anointing of the Sick.
A: The Anointing of the Sick is the Sacrament which, through the anointing and prayer of the priest, gives health and strength to the soul and sometimes also to the body, to be given and received when someone is in danger of death from sickness or injury.
Q: What are the effects of the Anointing of the Sick?
A: The effects of the Anointing of the Sick are: to comfort us in the pains of sickness and injury and to strengthen us against temptations; to remit venial sins and to cleanse our soul from the remains of sin; to restore us to health, if and when God sees fit.
Q: What is the Sacrament of Holy Orders?
A: Holy Orders is the Sacrament by which chosen men are ordained for clerical service in the Church and receive power, authority, and grace to perform their sacred duties.
N.B. what follows are my further reflections on Holy Orders, not explicitly stated in the Baltimore Catechism
There are three ranks of Orders: bishop, priest, and deacon.
The sacred duties of deacons: to assist at Mass; to proclaim the Gospel and preach at Mass; to baptize; to preside at weddings and funerals that do not take place within the Mass; to preside at burials; to take on a particular service to the poor or another ministry of the parish or diocese. Permanent deacons can be married men, provided that they are married prior to being ordained to the diaconate. Transitional deacons are seminarians entering their final year of seminary formation and are usually ordained to the priesthood following their year serving as deacons.
The sacred duties of priests: in addition to the duties listed for the deacons, priests celebrate the Mass, perform the Anointing of the Sick, hear confessions, and are delegated to administer Confirmation at the Easter Vigil or in other specific circumstances, as well as when given delegation by their Ordinary (usually the diocesan bishop).
The sacred duties of bishops: in addition to the duties listed for the priests and deacons, bishops administer Holy Orders; that is, they can ordain men to the diaconate and the priesthood, a duty that cannot be delegated to a priest or deacon.
~ Fr. Lewis
on Saturday, April 24 at 3:00PM